Squirrel Nesting Box Plans

Squirrel Nesting Box Plans: Step-by-Step Guide for Building a Cozy Home

Looking to build a squirrel nesting box? Check out these helpful plans and tutorials for building your own squirrel house. From cut lists and assembly instructions to helpful tips and tricks, you’ll find everything you need to create a safe and cozy home for squirrels. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced woodworker, these plans…

Looking to build a squirrel nesting box? Check out these helpful plans and tutorials for building your own squirrel house.

From cut lists and assembly instructions to helpful tips and tricks, you’ll find everything you need to create a safe and cozy home for squirrels. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced woodworker, these plans will guide you through the process step-by-step.

So grab your tools and get ready to create a squirrel-friendly habitat in your backyard. Give these plans a try and provide a safe haven for these furry little creatures.

Table of Contents

Why Provide A Nesting Box For Squirrels?

A nesting box provides squirrels with a safe and secure place to build their homes, protecting them from predators and harsh weather conditions. With squirrel nesting box plans, you can easily create an inviting habitat for these furry creatures, while also enjoying their playful antics in your backyard.

Squirrels are fascinating creatures that can bring joy and entertainment to any backyard. Installing a nesting box specifically designed for squirrels in your garden or property can offer numerous benefits. Let’s explore why providing a nesting box for squirrels is a great idea:

Benefits Of Providing A Nesting Box For Squirrels:

  • Encourages squirrel population: Nesting boxes provide a safe and secure habitat for squirrels to breed and raise their young. By offering a cozy shelter, you can help increase the local squirrel population and contribute to their conservation efforts.
  • Protects natural tree cavities: As urbanization and deforestation continue, natural tree cavities that squirrels depend on for nesting are becoming scarce. By providing a nesting box, you can offer an alternative habitat and protect the existing tree cavities.
  • Reduces conflicts with humans: Squirrels are known for their curiosity and ability to create mischief. By providing them with a designated nesting box, you can help deter them from seeking shelter in your attic or damaging your property.
  • Educational opportunities: Installing a squirrel nesting box provides a wonderful opportunity for children and adults alike to observe these charismatic creatures up close. It can foster an appreciation for wildlife and spark curiosity about their behavior and habits.

Role Of Nesting Boxes In Squirrel Conservation:

Nesting boxes play a crucial role in squirrel conservation efforts. Here’s how they contribute to the well-being of squirrel populations:

  • Supports breeding success: Squirrels require suitable nesting sites for successful breeding and raising their young. Nesting boxes provide a safe and reliable place for them to reproduce, ensuring the continued growth of squirrel populations.
  • Mitigates habitat loss: Urbanization and destruction of natural habitats can displace squirrels and reduce their access to suitable nesting sites. By installing nesting boxes, you can help mitigate the impact of habitat loss and provide alternative nesting opportunities.
  • Contributes to research and monitoring: Nesting boxes serve as valuable tools for studying squirrel populations. Researchers can use the boxes to monitor population trends, behavior patterns, and health conditions, providing valuable insights for conservation efforts.

Enhancing Biodiversity With Squirrel Nesting Boxes:

Squirrel nesting boxes not only benefit squirrels but also contribute to enhancing biodiversity in your surroundings. Here’s how:

  • Provides habitat for other species: While primarily designed for squirrels, nesting boxes can also provide shelter for other cavity-nesting species, such as small birds, bats, and even insects. This increased habitat diversity can attract a wider range of wildlife to your garden or property.
  • Supports ecological balance: Squirrels play vital ecological roles, such as seed dispersal and controlling insect populations. By providing nesting boxes, you promote their presence, which in turn helps maintain a healthy ecological balance in your ecosystem.

Remember, installing a nesting box for squirrels is a simple yet impactful way to support wildlife conservation and enhance the biodiversity of your surroundings. So why not contribute to the well-being of these charismatic creatures and create a haven for them right in your backyard?

Choosing The Right Location For Your Squirrel Nesting Box

When it comes to squirrel nesting box plans, choosing the right location is crucial. Ensure it is placed in a quiet area away from potential predators and at a height of at least 10-20 feet. Additionally, make sure there are nearby food sources and trees for easy access.

Understanding Squirrel Behavior And Habitat Preferences:

  • Squirrels are arboreal creatures, meaning they spend most of their time in trees.
  • They build nests for shelter and raising their young, known as dreys or dens.
  • Squirrels prefer secluded and secure locations for nesting to protect against predators.
  • They typically choose locations close to a food source, such as a tree with nuts or fruit.

Factors To Consider When Selecting A Location:

  • Choose a spot that provides a good vantage point for the squirrel to survey its surroundings.
  • Avoid areas with heavy human activity or noisy environments that may disturb or scare off the squirrels.
  • Ensure there is enough vertical space near the nesting box for the squirrel to easily access it from a tree branch.
  • Consider the availability of natural cover nearby, such as shrubs or bushes, that can provide additional protection for the squirrels.
  • Take into account the direction of prevailing winds to avoid excessive exposure to harsh weather conditions.

Ideal Height And Orientation For Squirrel Nesting Boxes:

  • Hang the nesting box at least 12 feet off the ground to deter predators like cats and raccoons.
  • Preferably, secure the box to a tree trunk or a sturdy pole using wire or screws to ensure stability.
  • Orient the box with the entrance hole facing away from prevailing winds to prevent rain from entering.
  • Providing a clear flight path leading to the entrance hole will make it easier for squirrels to access the nesting box.
  • Consider installing a predator guard, such as a metal cone or baffle, below the entrance hole to prevent climbing predators from reaching the box.

Remember, selecting the right location is crucial for the success of your squirrel nesting box. By considering the squirrel’s behavior and habitat preferences, as well as the height, orientation, and additional factors, you can provide a safe and inviting nesting environment for squirrels in your backyard.

Building Your Own Squirrel Nesting Box: Step-By-Step Guide

Discover the step-by-step guide for building your very own squirrel nesting box with these squirrel nesting box plans. Create a cozy shelter for the furry critters in your backyard using our easy-to-follow instructions.

If you’re a nature enthusiast or simply want to create a safe and cozy home for squirrels in your backyard, building a squirrel nesting box can be a rewarding project. Not only does it provide shelter for these adorable creatures, but it also offers a great opportunity for observation.

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In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the process of constructing your very own squirrel nesting box. Let’s get started!

Gathering The Necessary Materials And Tools:

To begin constructing your squirrel nesting box, gather the following materials and tools:

  • A 1-inch thick sheet of plywood: This will serve as the main material for the nesting box.
  • Measuring tape: Essential for accurate dimensions.
  • A saw: To cut the plywood into the required sizes.
  • Sandpaper: Used to smoothen the edges of the wood.
  • Nails or screws: These will be used to assemble the box.
  • Hammer or screwdriver: Depending on whether you choose to use nails or screws.
  • Drill with a spade bit: Needed to create an entrance hole for the squirrels.
  • Exterior paint or stain: Optional, but can be used to protect the wood from the elements.

Design Considerations For A Safe And Cozy Squirrel Home:

Before jumping into the construction process, it’s important to consider some design features that will ensure the squirrel nesting box is safe and cozy:

  • Size: The dimensions of the nesting box should be approximately 18 inches tall, 14 inches wide, and 10 inches deep. This provides enough space for squirrels to move around comfortably.
  • Entrance hole: Drill a 3-inch diameter hole near the top of one side of the box. This will serve as the entrance for the squirrels.
  • Predator guard: To prevent predators from accessing the box, attach a metal predator guard around the entrance hole.
  • Ventilation: To promote air circulation inside the box, drill a few small ventilation holes on the sides or back.
  • Removable roof or side panel: Adding a removable roof or side panel will allow for easy cleaning or monitoring of the box.

Step-By-Step Instructions For Constructing The Nesting Box:

Now that you have all the necessary materials and design considerations in mind, let’s dive into the step-by-step instructions for constructing the squirrel nesting box:

  • Measure and mark the dimensions on the plywood sheet using a measuring tape and pencil.
  • Use a saw to cut out the front, back, and side panels according to your marked dimensions.
  • Sand the edges of each panel to ensure a smooth finish.
  • Assemble the box by attaching the panels together using nails or screws. Make sure the entrance hole is positioned correctly.
  • Optional: Paint or stain the exterior of the box to protect the wood and add aesthetic appeal.
  • Attach a metal predator guard around the entrance hole to deter unwanted visitors.
  • Drill small ventilation holes on the sides or back of the box to ensure proper airflow.
  • If desired, add a removable roof or side panel for easy access and maintenance.
  • Find a suitable location for your squirrel nesting box, preferably in a quiet and sheltered area.
  • Securely mount the box on a tree or post, ensuring it is at least 10 feet above the ground.

By following these step-by-step instructions and considering the design features, you can create a safe and cozy nesting box that will attract squirrels to your backyard. Enjoy watching these delightful creatures make their new home!

Preparing The Base And Frame

Learn how to prepare the base and frame for your squirrel nesting box with these comprehensive plans. Ensure a sturdy and comfortable home for your furry friends.

Choosing The Right Dimensions For The Nesting Box:

  • The nesting box dimensions are crucial for the comfort and safety of the squirrels. Here’s what you should consider:
  • Optimal size: The box should measure approximately 12 inches in width, height, and depth. This will provide enough space for the squirrels to nest comfortably.
  • Entry hole size: The entry hole should be around 3 inches in diameter. It should be positioned 6 inches above the floor to prevent flooding during heavy rain.
  • Keep in mind: Different squirrel species might have specific size requirements, so research the specific requirements of the squirrels in your area.

Cutting And Assembling The Base And Frame:

  • Once you have determined the dimensions, follow these steps to cut and assemble the base and frame for your squirrel nesting box:
  • Materials needed: 1-inch thick plywood for the base and sides, 2-inch by 2-inch lumber for the frame, screws, and a saw.
  • Cut the pieces: Cut two identical pieces of plywood for the base and four identical pieces for the sides. Cut four pieces of lumber for the frame, two equal to the width of the base, and two equal to the height of the sides.
  • Assembling the base: Attach the side pieces to the base using screws, creating a rectangular shape.
  • Adding the frame: Attach the frame pieces to the sides, securing them with screws. This will provide stability to the nesting box.
  • Ensure door access: Leave one side open to allow for easy cleaning and maintenance.

Securing The Components For Stability And Durability:

  • To ensure that your squirrel nesting box is stable and durable, follow these steps:
  • Reinforce corners: Use metal brackets or additional screws to reinforce the corners of the base and frame. This will prevent the box from becoming wobbly over time.
  • Weatherproofing: Apply a weatherproof sealant or paint to protect the wood from the elements. This will prolong the lifespan of the nesting box.
  • Mounting options: Consider different mounting options such as attaching the box to a tree trunk or securing it to a post.
  • Predator guard: Attach a predator guard around the entry hole to prevent other animals, such as raccoons or snakes, from accessing the nesting box.

Remember, providing a safe and comfortable nesting space for squirrels can contribute to their wellbeing and conservation efforts. By following these steps, you’ll be on your way to creating a squirrel nesting box that is both functional and sustainable. Happy building!

Adding Essential Features

Looking for squirrel nesting box plans? Learn how to add essential features to ensure a cozy and safe home for your furry friends. Find detailed instructions on building a squirrel nesting box that includes predator guards and adequate insulation for the winter months.

Creating An Entrance Hole With Proper Dimensions:

  • The entrance hole is a crucial feature of a squirrel nesting box as it allows the squirrels to enter and exit comfortably while keeping predators out.
  • The entrance hole should be positioned on the front panel of the nesting box, approximately 3-4 inches from the top.
  • The ideal diameter for the entrance hole is 3 inches, as this size is suitable for both gray squirrels and red squirrels.
  • Make sure the edges of the entrance hole are smooth to prevent any injuries to the squirrels.

Installing A Predator Guard For Squirrel Safety:

  • A predator guard is essential to protect the squirrel nesting box from potential threats such as raccoons, cats, or snakes.
  • The predator guard should be placed around the entrance hole to prevent predators from reaching inside the nesting box.
  • A metal or pvc pipe can be used as a predator guard. Cut the pipe into a length of approximately 6-8 inches.
  • Secure the predator guard around the entrance hole using screws or strong adhesive to ensure it stays in place.

Adding A Hinged Roof For Easy Cleaning And Monitoring:

  • A hinged roof is a useful feature that allows easy access to the inside of the squirrel nesting box for cleaning and monitoring purposes.
  • Use a sturdy hinge to attach the roof to the nesting box. Place the hinge towards the back of the box to prevent it from interfering with the entrance hole.
  • Ensure that the hinged roof can be easily lifted and closed securely to protect the nesting box from weather elements.
  • Regularly check the nesting box for any debris or signs of damage, and clean it out if necessary to maintain a healthy environment for the squirrels.
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Providing Insulation And Comfort

Create insulation and comfort for squirrels with our squirrel nesting box plans. These plans provide a cozy space for squirrels to nest, ensuring their safety and well-being. Build a squirrel house that offers protection from the elements and creates a welcoming habitat for these furry creatures.

Choosing Appropriate Insulation Materials:

  • Use materials such as straw, dried leaves, or shredded newspaper to provide insulation inside the squirrel nesting box.
  • These materials will help regulate the temperature inside the box, keeping it warm in colder months and cool in hotter months.
  • Insulation is essential for squirrel comfort and protection from extreme weather conditions.

Ensuring Proper Ventilation And Drainage:

  • Make sure to create small ventilation holes near the top of the squirrel nesting box.
  • These holes will allow for proper air circulation, preventing the box from becoming too stuffy or humid.
  • Additionally, include drainage holes at the bottom of the box to prevent water accumulation and mold growth.

Adding Nesting Materials For Squirrel Comfort:

  • Provide nesting materials such as soft grass, moss, or small twigs for squirrels to use when building their nests.
  • These materials will offer additional comfort and insulation for the squirrels.
  • Make sure to replenish the nesting materials regularly to maintain a cozy environment for the squirrels.

Remember, choosing appropriate insulation materials, ensuring proper ventilation and drainage, and adding nesting materials for squirrel comfort are crucial aspects of creating a squirrel nesting box. Following these guidelines will help provide the insulation and comfort necessary for the squirrels to thrive in their new home.

Mounting And Maintaining The Nesting Box

Learn how to mount and maintain your squirrel nesting box with these helpful tips. Find step-by-step instructions and plans to build the perfect nesting box for squirrels to call home.

Mounting Options For Squirrel Nesting Boxes:

  • Attach the nesting box to a tree trunk using screws, ensuring it is secure and stable.
  • Alternatively, mount the box on a wooden pole or post, at least 10 feet high to prevent predators from accessing it.
  • Position the box facing away from prevailing winds to protect the squirrels from harsh weather conditions.
  • Ensure that the entrance hole is not obstructed by branches or foliage.

Proper Height And Placement For Successful Nesting:

  • Mount squirrel nesting boxes at a height of 10 to 20 feet above the ground to provide a safe and comfortable environment for the squirrels.
  • Place the box in a quiet and secluded area away from high human activity to minimize disturbance and stress.
  • Consider the habitat preferences of the specific squirrel species in your area when selecting the location. Some species prefer wooded areas, while others thrive in open spaces.
  • Avoid mounting the box too close to bird feeders or birdhouses, as this may lead to conflict or competition for resources.

Routine Maintenance And Cleaning Guidelines:

  • Regularly inspect the squirrel nesting box for any damage or wear and tear. Replace any broken or deteriorated parts promptly.
  • Clean the nest box annually after the nesting season, typically in late winter or early spring. Remove the old nesting material and debris, ensuring a fresh start for the new breeding season.
  • Wear gloves and a mask when cleaning the box to protect yourself from potential parasites or diseases.
  • Avoid using any chemical products or pesticides inside the nesting box, as they can be harmful to the squirrels.
  • Consider installing a predator guard, such as a metal cone or baffle, to prevent other animals from climbing up to the nesting box.

Remember, providing a suitable and well-maintained nesting box can contribute to the conservation of squirrel populations and offer an opportunity for you to observe their fascinating behaviors up close.

Attracting Squirrels To Your Nesting Box

Learn how to attract squirrels to your nesting box with these squirrel nesting box plans. Create a cozy home for squirrels and encourage them to take up residence in your garden or backyard. With simple steps and easy-to-follow instructions, you can provide a safe and comfortable space for these furry creatures.

Creating A Squirrel-Friendly Environment:

  • Provide a variety of trees and shrubs in your yard to create a habitat that will attract squirrels.
  • Plant nut-bearing trees like oak, hickory, and walnut, as well as fruit-bearing trees like apple and cherry.
  • Create a dense and diverse vegetation cover to give squirrels a sense of security and protection.
  • Limit the use of pesticides and chemicals in your yard to ensure a safe environment for the squirrels.
  • Avoid free-roaming pets or take necessary measures to keep them away from the nesting box area.
  • Maintain a clean yard by regularly removing fallen fruits and nuts.

Providing Food And Water Sources:

  • Set up a bird feeder with squirrel-friendly food like sunflower seeds and peanuts to attract squirrels to your yard.
  • Keep a clean and accessible water source, such as a birdbath or shallow dish, to provide squirrels with fresh water.
  • Place feeders and water sources near the squirrel nesting box to encourage regular visits.
  • Ensure a constant supply of food and water throughout the year to establish a reliable food source for the squirrels.

Encouraging Squirrel Activity And Nesting Behavior:

  • Hang a nesting box designed specifically for squirrels in a suitable location, such as a tree or pole.
  • Position the box at least 12 feet off the ground to protect the squirrels from potential predators.
  • Face the entrance hole of the nesting box towards a tree trunk or a tall structure for easy access for the squirrels.
  • Line the nesting box with soft materials like dry leaves, grass, or shredded paper to provide a cozy nesting environment.
  • Place the nesting box in a quiet and undisturbed area of your yard to encourage squirrels to make it their home.

Remember, squirrels have specific preferences for nesting boxes, so it’s important to research and follow plans that are suitable for the species in your area. By creating a squirrel-friendly environment, providing food and water sources, and encouraging squirrel activity and nesting behavior, you can increase the chances of attracting squirrels to your nesting box.

Frequently Asked Questions Of Squirrel Nesting Box Plans

How Do You Make A Squirrel Nesting Box?

To make a squirrel nesting box, you will need lumber, a hammer, nails, a saw, and a drill. First, cut the lumber into pieces according to your desired box size. Assemble the back, sides, and bottom of the box using nails and a hammer.

Drill a small entrance hole near the top of the front panel. Attach the front panel to the rest of the box. Make sure to leave a small gap at the bottom of the front panel for ventilation. Attach a hinged roof to provide easy access for cleaning.

Finally, mount the nesting box on a tree or sturdy post at least 10-15 feet off the ground. Ensure it is placed in a quiet, sheltered area. Squirrels will use the box as a safe and cozy place to raise their young.

How High Should A Squirrel Nesting Box Be?

A squirrel nesting box should be placed at least 10-30 feet above the ground.

Where Do You Put A Squirrel Nesting Box?

A squirrel nesting box should be placed in a quiet area with ample tree coverage, typically around 15-30 feet above the ground. It should be securely attached to a tree trunk or branch, preferably facing south or east for optimal sunlight exposure.

Avoid placing it near bird feeders or busy areas where there may be a lot of human or pet activity. Make sure the entrance hole is facing away from prevailing winds and is at least 3 inches in diameter to accommodate squirrels.

By providing a safe and cozy environment, you can attract squirrels and provide them with a suitable habitat to nest and raise their young.

How Big Should A Squirrel Box Be?

A squirrel box should be approximately 12 inches wide, 12 inches deep, and 18 inches tall. This size provides enough space for squirrels to build nests and raise their young comfortably. The entrance hole should be placed about 6 inches from the bottom and have a diameter of 3 inches.

Additionally, the box should have ventilation holes near the top to ensure proper airflow. It is important to choose durable and weather-resistant materials like cedar or plywood to construct the box. Placing the squirrel box at least 12 feet high in a tree will help protect it from predators and provide a safe and secure nesting spot for squirrels.


Creating a squirrel nesting box can be a rewarding and fulfilling project. By providing shelter for squirrels, you can contribute to their overall well-being and conservation. Throughout this blog post, we have discussed the importance of squirrel nesting boxes, the materials needed, and step-by-step instructions on how to build one.

We have also provided various resources and plans for squirrel nesting boxes to assist you in your project. Remember to consider the location and the needs of the specific squirrel species in your area when placing your nesting box. Building a squirrel nesting box is a simple and effective way to attract squirrels to your backyard and provide them with a safe and cozy home.

So why wait? Start building your squirrel nesting box today and create a haven for these adorable creatures in your own backyard. Happy building!

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